Big Toe Arthritis
Arizona Orthopedic Surgery Solutions for Big Toe Arthritis
What is Big Toe Arthritis
Hallux rigidus, more commonly known as big toe arthritis, is when there is arthritis at the base joint of the large toe. Aside from ankle osteoarthritis, big toe arthritis is one of the most usual forms of arthritis afflicting folks over fifty, with developing cases in those over thirty. The hallux metatarsal phalangeal (MTP) joint, or big toe joint, connects the metatarsal, or first foot bone, with the proximal phalanx, or first toe bone and sesamoids, or two tiny bones below the metatarsal. The top of the joint is the most common location for osteoarthritis, or “wear-and-tear.”
Big Toe Arthritis Diagnosis
Inflammation and limited range of motion, specifically pain when moving and bending the large toe are normal. Most commonly, complaints when “pushing off” while stepping are noted. Sometimes, a bone spur will develop atop the big toe joint and become agitated by the friction caused by the top of a shoe. A long or raised first foot bone, previous injury to the big toe, and family history can all account for big toe arthritis. These three conditions cause wear and tear to the joint which starts the onset of arthritis. A doctor will ask about your medical history before examining the range of motion and location of the pain. Furthermore, the doctor will check for bone spurs too. X-rays can be used to see the level of joint damage, location of bone spur(s), and size of bone spur(s). MRI and CT scans are not normally necessary.